Wednesday, December 7, 2022

Research continues into ways to combat sudden death syndrome

kansas soybeans
K-State plant pathologist Chris Little continues to research ways to combat a soilborne disease in soybeans known as sudden death syndrome — photo courtesy Kansas State University

A Kansas State University plant pathologist says researchers and producers need to work together to control a soilborne disease in soybeans that can rob that crop of yields.

“Sudden death syndrome is a soilborne disease of soybean that affects the roots,” said K-State’s Chris Little.

He said the symptoms of sudden death syndrome can be seen above ground as chlorosis, a yellowing of normally green leaves due to a lack of chlorophyll. Often the symptoms will appear in the field after rainfall, or in saturated soils.

“It’s really a root pathogen that lives in the soil then attacks the roots, colonizes the roots early on, and then begins to make a toxin that moves through the plant and causes those above-ground symptoms that many folks have seen,” Little said.

According to Little, sudden death syndrome cannot be eradicated, so control methods need to be used.

He recommends having the soil tested for populations of the soybean cyst nematode to make sure that the proper plant resistance is used for the nematode. This may also help keep sudden death syndrome from attacking the soybean plants since both diseases can occur in the same field.

“You can check with your seed provider and try to get some information about the seed selections that you make,” Little said. “Make sure that you’ve got some good tolerance or resistance in that material.”

Ratings may vary

He added that different seed companies may use opposite scales to measure resistance. Some  companies designated the highest number as best while others use the lowest number as the best.

“Make sure you check the correct number and know what it is representing,” Little said.

Proper nutrition might be another way to avoid the disease.

“Phosphorus amendment really has a positive role in reducing the severity of sudden death syndrome symptoms, and also can increase yield,” he said.

Little said wheat and sorghum are effective crops to use in rotation, since thay are not hosts of the sudden death syndrome fungus. Corn is another option, but the fungus can survive on corn stubble to a slight degree, Little said.

Researchers are also studying the use of cover crops to understand their effectiveness in reducing sudden death syndrome.

“Sudden death syndrome remains a research interest at Kansas State University, but producers need to do their part to stay on top of this too,” Little said.

Kansas State University contributed this report.

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